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Quercus glandulifera var. brevipetiolata

思茅櫧櫟

Quercus glandulifera Bl. var. brevipetiolata (A. DC.) Nakai
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名彙資訊

學名發表文獻

Nakai, Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 5: 76. 1924.  (J. Arnold Arbor.)

台灣首次記錄發表文獻

Liao, The Taxonomic Revisions of the Family Fagaceae in Taiwan 169. fig. 51.1-.2. 1991.  (Taxon. Revis. Fam. Fagaceae Taiwan, 台灣殼斗科植物學名訂正)

異名

  • Quercus serrata Murr. var. brevipetiolata (A. DC.) Nakai
  • Lithocarpus spicata Rehd. & Wils. var. brevipetiolata auct. non (A. DC.) Rehd. & Wils.
    Sasaki, A Catalogue of the Government Herbarium 164. 1930.  (Cat. Govern. Herb. (Formos.), 林業部腊葉館目錄)
  • Pasania spicata (Rehd. & Wils) Oerst. var. brevipetiolata auct. non (A. DC.) Hu
    Liu, Illustrations of native and introduced ligneous plants of Taiwan 1: 611. fig. 534. 1960.  (Ill. Nat. Intr. Lign. Pl. Taiwan, 台灣木本植物圖誌)

各語言俗名

  • 短柄枹櫟. 白校欑. 柯絲. 柯仔. 青栲櫟.
  • Ching kau tanoak. Szemao tanoak.

參考資料

  • Yang, A list of plants in Taiwan . 1982.  (List Pl. Taiwan, 台灣植物名彙)
  • Liu, Illustrations of native and introduced ligneous plants of Taiwan . 1961.  (Ill. Nat. Intr. Lign. Pl. Taiwan, 台灣木本植物圖誌)

特徵描述

生活型

tree

形態特徵

  • Medium-sized evergreen tree to 12 m high, trunks 0.5 cm across; bark grayish-dark brown, furrowed; branches grayish-dark brown; branchlets grayish.
  • Leaves somewhat clustered on branchlets, broadly obovate, obovate, long-obovate, elliptic to broadly lanceolate, 6–14 cm long, 1.9–8 cm broad, coriaceous, glabrous in age, glaucous or not beneath, short-acute or acuminate at apex, auriculate at base, serrate, with incurved teeth, lateral veins 11–15 pairs; petioles 0.2–0.6 cm long.
  • Staminate catkins 3–4 cm long; staminate flowers 1.5–2 mm long, 2.5 mm broad; perianth 5–6-lobed, very hairy outside, glabrous inside; stamens 3–6, filaments glabrous, anthers 7 mm long, 5 mm broad. Pistillate flowers 2 mm long, 1.5 mm broad (3 mm long, 3 mm broad with the involucre); styles 3, hairy, stigmas corpulent at top; ovary imcompletely 3-celled, 1.1–1.3 cm across, apiculate at apex, obtuse at base.
  • Cupules with imbricate scales;nuts ovoid, 1.8–2.3 cm long, 1–1.2 cm across, hairy.
  • Usually growing with Pinus taiwanensis, Pinus morrisonicola, Pistacia chinensis, Rhus succedanea, Rhus sylvestris, Liquidambar formosana, Cyclobalanopsis glauca, Quercus variabilis and Rhododendron breviperulatum etc.

分布

  • 台灣 : in forests at altitudes of 650–1,600 m in the central part of the island (Mts. Salien and Tongmao near Paileng, Lileng, Poai, Chiuliangsei and Kukuan in Taichung County).
  • 世界 : Widely distributed in mainland China (from south to north), Korea and Japan.

引證標本

TAICHUNG: Poai, Kukuan, Liao 11212 & 11213.

引用文獻

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共有 2 份典藏標本

    115650
    H.Suzuki
    台中 Taichung
    115649
    H.Suzuki

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