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Pasania hancei var. arisanensis

阿里山三斗石櫟

Pasania hancei (Benth.) Schottky var. arisanensis (Hayata) Liao
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名彙資訊

學名發表文獻

Liao, The Taxonomic Revisions of the Family Fagaceae in Taiwan 130. fig. 38. 1991.  (Taxon. Revis. Fam. Fagaceae Taiwan, 台灣殼斗科植物學名訂正)

台灣首次記錄發表文獻

同發表文獻

異名

  • Quercus arisanensis Hayata
  • Lithocarpus arisanensis (Hayata) Hayata
    Hayata, General Index to the Flora of Formosa 72. 1917.  (Gen. Ind. Fl. Formos., 台灣植物總名錄)
  • Cyclobalanopsis ternaticupula (Hayata) Kudo f. arisanensis (Hayata) Kudo
    Kudo, Journal of the Society of Tropical Agriculture 3: 390. 1931.  (J. Soc. Trop. Agr., 熱帶農學會誌)
  • Lithocarpus ternaticupula (Hayata) Hayata var. arisanensis (Hayata) Kanehira
  • Pasania ternaticupula (Hayata) Schottky var. arisanensis (Hayata) Liao
    Liao, Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University 12(2): 113. 1971. in syn..  (Mem. Coll. Agr. Natl. Taiwan Univ., 國立台灣大學農學院硏究報告)
  • Pasania brevicaudata (Skan) Schottky var. arisanensis (Hayata) Ying
    Ying, Cloured illustrated flora of Taiwan : Includes introduced species 3: 248. fig. 758. 1988.  (Col. Ill. Fl. Taiwan Intr. Pl., 台灣高等植物彩色圖誌 含引進種)
  • Lithocarpus hancei (Benth.) Rehd.
    Yang, Liu & Lu, Manual of Taiwan Vascular Plants 2: 32. fig. 54. photo 117. 1997.  (Manu. Taiwan Vas. Pl., 台灣維管束植物簡誌)

各語言俗名

  • 阿里山石櫟. 阿里山赤柯. 阿里山紅肉杜. 阿里山三斗柯.
  • Alishan tanoak.
  • ありさんがし.

參考資料

  • Liu, Illustrations of native and introduced ligneous plants of Taiwan . 1961.  (Ill. Nat. Intr. Lign. Pl. Taiwan, 台灣木本植物圖誌)

特徵描述

生活型

tree

形態特徵

  • Medium-sized evergreen trees.
  • Leaves alternate, thinly coriaceous, entire, oblong to elliptic, 9–11 cm long, 3.3–4 cm broad, short acute at apex, acute to obtuse at base, attenuate toward petioles, polished and glabrous above, dull and glabrous below, midrib and veins somewhat elevated above. distinctly elevated below, lateral veins 9–13 pairs, arising at an angle of 60° from the midrib; petioles 1.5–2 cm long, narrowly winged at apex, thickened at base.
  • Inflorescence catkins or spikes, unisexual, simple or mixed; staminate flowers 3.5 mm long, 2 mm broad, pubescent outside; perianth 6-lobed; stamens 12, anthers 0.3 mm long, 2-celled, longitudinally dehiscent. Pistillate spikes 7 cm long, robust; pistillate flowers 3, aggregately clustered, 2.5 mm long, 2.5 mm broad; ovary 3-celled, styles 3, stigma pointed.
  • Cupules dish-shaped, 5–7 mm long, 15–17 mm across; scales mostly imbricate on upper to median parts of cupules, arranged in many series, broadly triangular in shape, cuspidate at apex, 2 mm broad, slightly appressed-tomentose outside, thinly appressed-pubescent inside, often with 2–4 concen-tric rings of scales on lower part of cupule; scar of nut on cupule 8 mm across, elevated.Nuts strongly compressed-globose, 12–13 mm long, 1.8–2 cm across.

物候

fruit maturing from October to November.

分布

  • 台灣 : very rare although widely distributed, in forests at altitudes of 700–2,500 m at Paling (Taoyuen), Alishan (Chiayi), Tayulin, Lishan (Taichung), Alikung (Kaohsiung), and Tapushan, Chihpen (Taitung).
  • 世界 : Distributed in S China.

引證標本

TAOYUAN: Paling, Chiaopanshan, Su s. n.

引用文獻

典藏標本

共有 6 份典藏標本 所有標本模式標本

    195687
    W.S.Tang
    台中 Taichung
    194357
    黃星凡 S.F.Huang
    台中 Taichung
    115695
    富谷十三雄
    嘉義 Chiayi
    115617
    Sasaki, H.Suzuki
    嘉義 Chiayi
    T00128
    Y.Matsuda
    屏東 Pingtung
    T00129
    早田文藏 B.Hayata
    嘉義 Chiayi

    共有 2 份典藏標本所有標本模式標本

      T00128
      Y.Matsuda
      屏東 Pingtung
      T00129
      早田文藏 B.Hayata
      嘉義 Chiayi

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