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Lipocarpha chinensis

華湖瓜草

Lipocarpha chinensis (Osbeck) Kern
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名彙資訊

學名發表文獻

Kern, Blumea, Supplement 4: 167. 1958.  (Blumea, Suppl.)

台灣首次記錄發表文獻

Koyama, Flora of Taiwan 5: 293. 1978.  (Fl. Taiwan, 台灣植物誌)

異名

  • Lipocarpha senegalensis (Lamarck) Dandy
    Ohwi, Memoirs of the College of Science, Kyoto Imperial University. Series B. Biology 18: 166. 1944.  (Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol.)

各語言俗名

  • おおひんじがやつり.

參考資料

  • Yang, A list of plants in Taiwan . 1982.  (List Pl. Taiwan, 台灣植物名彙)

特徵描述

生活型

herb

形態特徵

  • Annual or short-lived perennial, tufted without conspicuous rhizome. Culms erect, 10-50 cm tall, 1-2 mm thick, obtusely trigonous, rather rigid, whitish or glaucous green.
  • Leaves basal, several to a culm, much shorter than culm; blades linear, 2-3 mm wide, flattish or involute-margined, thickish, soft, without, conspicuous nerves, not costate, whitish green, glabrous, gradually tapering to subobtuse apex; sheaths 2-3 cm long, pale straw colored. Leafy bracts 2-4 much surpassing inflorescence, patent, eventually more or less reflexed.
  • Inflorescence a head with (3-)4-7 sessile spikes, 1-2 cm across; spikes ovoid to ovoid-ellipsoid, obtuse, 5-8 mm long, 4-5.5 mm wide, whitish greenish or whitish, densely bearing numerous glumes, each subtending a hidden spikelet.
  • Glumes imbricated, oblanceolate, subtruncate at apex with depressed-triangular apex, 2-3 mm wide, 1-keeled. Spikelets with dorsiventral hyaline glumes, ca. 2 mm long, 1-fruited. Achenes oblong to oblong-obovate, ca. 1 mm long, strawbrown; style short; stigmas 2, short. Stamens solitary, rarely 2.
  • This fairly common species, known also from south continental China and the Ryukyus, is documented for Taiwan only by a single collection cited above.

分布

  • 台灣 : Open wet places such as marshes, river banks and rice field.
  • 世界 : Widely distributed in the Old World tropics from Africa and Madagascar through India to Malesia.

引證標本

NANTOU: Sun Moon Lake, DeVol 7848. TAITUNG: Taitung, Matsumura (TI).

引用文獻

典藏標本

共有 7 份典藏標本

    120189
    棣慕華 C.E.DeVol
    南投 Nantou
    025489
    鈴木重良 S.Suzuki
    花蓮 Hualien
    025491
    工藤 Kudo, Sasaki
    南投 Nantou
    025492
    工藤 Kudo, Sasaki
    南投 Nantou
    025494
    佐佐木舜一 S.Sasaki
    南投 Nantou
    025493
    島田彌市 Y.Shimada
    新竹 Hsinchu
    257004

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