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    台灣植物誌 第二版  Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition    Vol. 5

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    台灣植物誌第二版  Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition  5: 50

    KEY TO SPECIES AND VARIETIES
    1. Perianth tubular to funnel shaped; segments parallel with style, not reflexed, not spotted.
    2. Flowers white, tinged wine-red outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. L. formosanum
    2. Flowers pure white, not tinged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. L. longiflorum var. scabrum
    1. Perianth segments widely spreading, reflexed, spotted.
    3. Leaves sessile; flowers yellow-red, 3.5-5 cm in diam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. L. callosum
    3. Leaves petiolate; flowers white spotted with red, 5-8 cm in diam. . . . . . . . . 4. L. speciosum var. gloriosoides
    1. Lilium callosum Siebold & Zucc., Fl. Jap. Pl. 41. 1845; Liu & Ying, Fl. Taiwan 5: 58. 1978.
    pʦX
    Lilium talanense Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6: 98. 1916.
    Bulbs ovoid to globose, 2-3 cm in diam., pale yellow to white, fleshy. Stem erect to ascending, 20-
    60(-80) cm long, glabrous. Leaves sessile, linear to broadly linear, sometimes lanceolate, 5-10 cm long,
    4-7 mm wide, apex acute, somewhat broader at base, entire, glabrous on both surfaces; midrib slightly
    impressed on upper surface, elevated beneath. Flowers 1-several, terminal or in leaf axils of upper
    branches, large, showy, 4-6 cm in diam.; bracts linear, 5-6 mm long, apex acute; pedicel 2.5-4 cm long,
    thickened, blunt, callous; perianth red or reddish yellow, tepals in 2 series; outer ones linear-spatulate,
    4.5-5 cm long, 5-6 mm wide, apex obtuse, more or less crested, base attenuate, glabrous on both surfaces;
    inner tepals 7-8 mm wide; filaments 3-5 cm long; anthers linear, 7-10 mm long, red; ovary clavate-
    cylindrical, 1.5-2.5 cm long, 3-3.5 mm wide, apex truncate, base attenuate, glabrous; style columnar,
    10-12 mm long; stigma capitate, slightly 3-lobed.
    Japan, the Ryukyus and Taiwan. Taiwan, mountainous area, 600-1,000 m, near Cholan, Maioli
    County, mountainous areas.
    MIAOLI: Cholan, Kanehira 19, 340, Yamada, Aug 1914 (Type of L. talanense).
    2. Lilium formosanum Wallace in Elwes, Mongr. Lilium 5. 1880; Liu & Ying, Fl. Taiwan 5: 59, pl.
    1281. 1978. xWʦX Pl. 18
    Lilium philippinense Baker var. formosanum (Wallace) E. H. Wilson, Lilies East. Asia 21. 1925; Yamamoto,
    Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 40: 92. 1926.
    Lilium longiflorum Thunb. Var. formosanum Baker, Gard. 18: 458. 1880.
    Lilium formosanum Wall. Var. microphyllum Liu & Ying, Fl. Taiwan 5: 61. 1978. syn. Nov.
    Blub globose to broadly ovoid or ellipsoid, 4-5 cm in diam.; scales ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-2 cm long,
    4-6 mm wide, apex acute, fleshy; stem erect to ascending, 20-150 cm long, glabrous, green, tinged with
    purple, especially at base. Leaves sessile, linear to linear-lanceolate, sometimes lanceolate or falcatelanceolate,
    7-16 cm long, 4-15 mm wide, apex acuminate, base amplexicual, entire, glabrous on both
    surfaces, midrib slightly impressed on upper surface, elevated beneath. Flowers solitary to several in a
    fascicle, terminal. Horizontal to somewhat nodding, narrowly funnel-shaped, delightfully fragrant,
    white, tinged wine red or purplish red striped outside, pure white inside, 12-17 cm long, 5-8 cm in
    diam.; bracts linear, leaf-like but smaller; pedicel 4-9 cm long, green, glabrous; tepals in 2 series, outer
    ones oblanceolate, 10-15 cm long, 2-3.2 cm wide, apex obtuse to subacute; inner ones ca. 3.5-4 cm
    wide; filaments papillose toward base, 8-9 cm long; anthers cylindric, yellow or yellow purple, 7-11
    mm long; ovary cylindric, 2.5-3.5 cm long, green, glabrous or nearly so; style elongate, 7-9 cm long;
    stigma 3-fid, yellowish white, pilose. Fruit a capsule, cylindrical, 4-7 cm long, 2-4 cm in diam.; seeds
    brown.
    Endemic, exposed fields and roadsides sea level to 3,500 m throughout the island, very common;
    sometimes also cultivated in home gardens as an ornamental.
    TAIPEI: Hsintien, Kawakami & Sasaki s. n. 14 Aug 1909; Kuanyingshan, Ying 087, 92, 94; Tanshui, Ying 98,
    s. n. 12 Apr 1987. ILAN: Taipingshan, Suzuki 5331. HSINCHU: Kuanwu, Huang 6658; Tapachienshan, Ying s. n.
    24 Aug 1982. TAICHLlNG: Taichung, Kao s. n. 1976; Sylviashan, Ying 3501; Shaoshuehshan, Liu et al. 306; Lis-