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Plants of Taiwan

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    台灣植物誌 第二版  Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition    Vol. 4

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    台灣植物誌第二版  Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition  4: 137

    subsessile. Inflorescence a compound dichasium or cyme. Flowers white; calyx 5-lobed, tube cupiform, ca. 1.5 mm long, lobes minute, linear-triangular or triangular, ca. 1/2 length of tube; corolla 5-lobed, tube 1.5-1.7 cm long, lobes lanceolate-ovate, ca. 8 mm long; anthers ellipsoid, acute at apex, filaments short. Fruit ellipsoid, black, ca. 6 mm across.

    Mainland China. In Taiwan, in thickets at low and medium elevations in the northern and central parts of the island.

    HSINCHU: Madalachi, Hsieh 1269. TAICHUNG: Huanshan to Wulin, Lu s. n. 1990; Wulin to Chika, Wang et al. 4377. NANTOU: Chenyoulanchi, Hsu 2139. PINGTUNG: Shachi logging trail, Lu 20202. HUALIEN: Loshao, Lu s. n. 1990.


    4. LIGUSTRUM L. ks

    Deciduous or evergreen shrubs or trees. Leaves opposite, petiolate. Flowers in terminal or axillary paniculate thyrse; calyx campanulate; corolla 4-lobed, lobes valvate; stamens 2, inserted on corolla tube; ovary superior, 2-celled, 2-ovuled, ovules pendulous, style cylindric, stigma subclavate. Fruit a drupe, 1-3-seeded; seeds with fleshy endosperm.

    A genus of about 40 species in warm to tropical regions of the Old World, especially in eastern Asia. Four species in Taiwan.

    KEY TO SPECIES

    1. Leaves less than 3 cm long; inflorescence a thyrse with 2-5 flowers .......................... 2. L. morrisonense
    1. Leaves more than 3 cm long; inflorescence a paniculate thyrse with numerous flowers.
    2. Petioles 2-3 mm long; inflorescence with 3-4 branches ............................................ 3. L. pricei
    2. Petioles 3-18 mm long; inflorescence with 10-13 branches.
    3. Leaves coriaceous; corolla tube 4-7 mm long; fruit ellipsoid ................................ 1. L. liukiuense
    3. Leaves chartaceous; corolla tube 2-5 mm long; fruit globose ................................... 4. L. sinense

    1. Ligustrum liukiuense Koidz., Bot. Mag. Tokyo 30: 82. 1916. 饻ks Photo 95

    Ligustrum japonicum auct. Non Thunb.: Li, Fl. Taiwan 4: 140. 1978.
    Ligustrum japonicum Thunb. Var. pubescens Koidzumi, Bot. Mag. Tokyo30: 28. 1916.
    Ligustrum amamianum Koidzumi, Pl. Nov. Amami-Oshima 7: 143.1929; Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa. 24: 212. 1934.

    Evergreen shrubs or small trees, 3-5 m tall; young branchlets minutely puberulous, soon glabrous. Leaves thickly coriaceous, glabrous, oblong to ovate, 3.5-7.5 cm long, 1.8-3.8 cm broad, short acuminate to acute or obtuse at apex, acute to obtuse at base, entire, lateral veins 5-8 pairs, indistinct; petioles 0.4-0.8 cm long. Inflorescence a thyrse, terminal, subsessile, puberulous, 7-12 cm long, with ca. 12 branches. Flowers numerous; pedicels 0.5-1.5 mm long; calyx ca. 1.8 mm long. Lobes triangular to round; corolla tube 2-5 mm long, lobes 1.5-3.0 mm long; filaments ca. 2.5 mm long; styles 2.8-3.5 mm long. Fruit ellipsoid, ca. 9 x 5 mm in size.

    Mainland China, Korea, Japan, the Ryukyus, and Bonin islands. In Taiwan, in open sites in forests from low to 2,200 m elevation.

    TAIPEI: Shehliao, Simada 1216; Chutzehu, Lu 13154. ILAN: Giran, Kanehira s. n. 1916; Taipingshan, Lu s.