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Plants of Taiwan

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    台灣植物誌 第二版  Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition    Vol. 3

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    台灣植物誌第二版  Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition  3: 565

     66. MALPIGHIACEAE 黃褥花科
    CHEN, CHING-HSIA

    Trees or shrubs, often woody climbing, with often appressed medifixed hairs. Leaves simple, mostly opposite, quite entire; glands often present either on petiole or on the lower surface of the leaves; stipules small or absent. Inflorescence axillary or terminal; pedicels articulate, usually 2-bracteolate. Flower hermaphroditic, rarely polygamous, regular or irregular; calyx usually 5-partite, the segments imbricate or very rarely valvate, one or more larger glandular outside, rarely eglandular; petals 5, clawed or not, often fimbriate, imbricate, disc obscure, small; stamens 10, hypogynous or subperigynous, equal or one much more larger than the others, the filaments free or connate at the base, the anthers 2-lobed, opening lengthwise or by a pore-like slit; ovary 3-celled, rarely 2 or 4, the styles 1-3, straight or circinate, the stigmas capitate or punctiform or lateral; ovules solitary in each cell, the micropyle superior, the raphe ventral. Fruiting carpels often winged samaras, or carpels connate into a fleshy or woody drupe. Seed exalbuminous; embryo straight or curved, the radicle superior.
    A family of about 65 genera and 1280 species, tropical America, Africa and Asia; four genera in Taiwan. One cultivated.

    KEY TO GENERA
    1. Style 1; filaments free.
    2. Stipules free… 1. Hiptage
    2. Stipules connate with the base of the petiole… 4. Tristellateia
    1. Styles 3; filaments connate at the base.
    3. Fruit drupe; trees or shrubs… 2. Malpighia
    3. Fruit samara; woody climbing… 3. Ryssopterys

    1. HIPTAGE Gaertn. 猿尾藤屬

    Woody vines or stout shrubs. Leaves opposite, entire, leathery, elliptic to oblong, base acute, generally with 2 glands beneath, margin often with small scattered glands beneath; stipules minute, gland-like. Inflorescence terminal or axillary, raceme-like. Flower bisexual, white, zygomorphic; calyx 5, deeply incised, with a dark gland at the base; petals 5, more or less clawed; stamens 10, unequal, the anterior longest and the posterior shortest; ovary 3-lobed, style 1, stigma acute. Fruit a samara with 3 laterally coriaceous wings, the middle longest.
    About 30 species in southern Asia from southern China, Malaysia to Fiji. One species in Taiwan, widespread below 1,500 m.

    1. Hiptage benghalensis (L.) Kurz. in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 43(2): 136. 1874; Li in Fl. Taiwan 3: 552. 1977. 猿尾藤 Pl.291, Photo 35
    Bannisteria benghalensis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 437. 1753; Liu & Liaw, Woody Fl. 1: 562. 1979.
    Hiptage madablota Gaertn., Fruct. 2: 169. 1791; Baker, Fl. Maur. Seych. 35. 1877; Matsumura & Hayata in Journ. Coll. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 22: 67. 1906; Hayata, Icon. Pl. Form. 1: 111. 1911; Sasaki, List Pl. Formosa 255. 1928.