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    台灣植物誌 第二版  Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition    Vol. 3

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    台灣植物誌第二版  Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition  3: 505

     62. DAPHNIPHYLLACEAE 虎皮楠科
    HUANG, TSENG-CHIENG

    Trees or shrubs, evergreen, dioecious, rarely polygamo-dioecious (in D. glaucescens subsp. Oldhamii), glabrous; branchlets terete, usually longitudinally canaliculate, smooth or rugose. Leaves simple, alternate, fasciculate, rarely opposite, subverticillate to verticillate, rarely dimorphic, estipulate; blades elliptic, oblong, obovate to ovate, frequently falcate or oblique, rounded, obtuse, acute to cuneate at base, rounded, mucronate, obtuse, acute to acuminate at apex, the margins entire or revolute, infrequently dentate near the apex, chartaceous, membranaceous to coriaceous, green or yellow on both surfaces, sometimes shining above, usually glaucous and papillate beneath, the midrib frequently impressed above, prominent or not so beneath. Inflorescences axillary, rarely subterminal, racemiform; pedicels angulate or flat, rarely pendent; bracts on the base of inflorescences in 1-several whorls, imbricate, ovate, triangular or linear-ovate or elliptic, usually caducous, sometimes larger than the flower; calyx none, or when present of 3-6 lobes, with imbricate aestivation, campanulate, cupulate or completely divided when mature, the lobes variable in size, shape and margin; stamens 5-14, free or coherent at apex, subsessile or with long filaments, the anthers lunate, oblong, oblong-elliptic, elliptic, broadly elliptic to ovate, compressed or oblique, apiculate at apex, triangular, obtuse to emarginate or beaked; staminodes frequently present; ovary globose to elliptic-globose, imperfectly 2(-3-4)-septate, each carpel with (1-)2 anatropous ovules; placentation suspended or subapical; staminodes on the ovary usually present; style 1-2(-4)lobed, usually shorter than ovary, the stigmas divaricate, revolute, discoid to circinate or versatile. Drupes obovoid, elliptic-globose, ovoid to ellipsoid; seeds 1(-2), various in shape and size.
    A monotypic family, the genus Daphniphyllum consists of nine species.

    DAPHNIPHYLLUM Blume 虎皮楠屬

    Characters of the family.
    Nine species in eastern Asia, two subspecies in Taiwan.

    LITERATURE

    Huang, T. C. 1965. Monograph of Daphniphyllum (1). Taiwania 11: 57-98; 1966. Monograph of Daphniphyllum (2). Taiwania 12: 137-234.

    KEY TO SPECIES
    1. Calyx of 4-6 lobes; drupes lustrous and smooth to rugose or tuberculate; leaf-blades usually papillate, chartaceous to coriaceous, all veins prominent and reticulate above… 1. D. glaucescens oldhamii
    2. Fruit without persistent calyx at the base.
    3. Blades acuminate, caudate or acute at apex… 1a. var. oldhamii
    3. Blades obtuse at apex… 1c. var. lanyuense
    2. Fruit with persistent calyx at the base… 1b. var. kengii
    1. Calyx absent or rarely of 1-2 lobes, linear, affixed at the base of stamens; drupes usually tuberculate: leaf-blades usually epapillate, membranaceous to chartaceous, all veins obscure and delicate or impressed above… 2. D. himalaense macropodum

    1. Daphniphyllum glaucescens Blume ssp. oldhamii (Hemsl.) Huang in Taiwania 12: 176. 1966.