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    台灣植物誌 第二版  Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition    Vol. 2

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    台灣植物誌第二版  Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition  2: 659

    tose in vein angles on upper surface, tomentose in vein axils on lower surface, lateral veins 6-8 per side; petioles reddish-brown, 3-8 cm long, Inflorescences axillary cymes, glabrous; sepals sparsely tomentose. Fruit oblong, ca. 3 cm long, ca. 2 cm across, brown, glabrescent, sometimes scabrous at base, spotted.
    S. China and Taiwan. Taiwan, in forests in the eastern part at 1,835-1,950 m.
    HUALIEN: Yenhai forest road, Wang et al. 307.

    3. Actinidia chinensis Planch. var. setosa Li in J. Arn. Arb. 33: 56. 1952; Li in Fl. Taiwan 2: 588. 1976. 台灣羊桃 Photo 286,287
    Climbing shrubs to 8 m or more; branches reddish-brown, with pale oblong lenticels, young branchlets setose; pith large, lamellate, whitish or yellowish. Leaves chartaceous, mostly suborbicular, emarginate to short cuspidate, rounded to more or less cordate at base, 6-12 cm long and broad, minutely denticulate, upper surface puberulous, lower surface very pale, densely whitish stellate-tomentose, lateral veins 5-8 per side; petioles 3.5-7.5 cm long, densely pubescent. Inflorescences few-flowered cymes, from axils of fallen leaves, pubescent; peduncles ca. 1.5 cm long; pedicels 1-2 cm long; bracts minute, linear; flowers orange-yellow, staminate slightly smaller; sepals 5, sometimes 3 or 4, ovate-oblong, 8-10 mm long, 6-8 mm broad; petals 5, broadly obovate, short clawed, rounded at apex, 1.4-1.5 cm long, 1-1.2 cm. broad; ovary subglobose, 6-7 mm across, densely brownish villose; styles linear, 5-6 mm long. Fruit subglobose to ellipsoid, ca. 3 cm across, densely brownish hirsute.
    Endemic. In forests at medium to high altitudes.
    ILAN: 710 forest road, Wagner 6560. HSINCHU: Kuanwu, Peng 14939. TAICHUNG: Lileng forest road, Shen 614. NANTOU: Tienchih, Liao 1378. HUALIEN: Halun, Peng 7280.

    4. Actinidia latifolia (Gardn. & Champ.) Merr. In J. Roy. Asiat. Soc. Strait. Br. 86: 330. 1922; Li in Fl. Taiwan 2: 588. 1976. 闊葉獼猴桃 Photo 288,289
    Heptaca ? latifolia Gardn. & Champ. In Hook. J. Bot. 1: 243. 1849.
    Actinidia gnaphalocarpa Hayata, Icon. Pl. Form. 9: 7. 1920.
    Climbing shrubs to 7 m long; branches reddish-brown, with pale oblong to lanceolate lenticels, rusty tomentose on young branchlets; pith solid, whitish, becoming hollow in center in age. Leaves chartaceous, oblong-lanceolate when young, broadly ovate or suborbicular in age, ca. 5.5-11 cm long, 3-9 cm broad, acuminate at the apex, cuneate or rounded to reniform-cordate at the base, subentire with remote minute callose teeth, upper surface glabrate or puberulous, lower surface pale appressed stellate tomentose, lateral veins ca. 6 or 7 per side; petioles 2-4 cm long, tomentose. Inflorescences axillary or lateral, 10- or more flowered, 2 or 3 times branched cymes, densely rusty stellate-tomentose; peduncles 1.5-8 cm long, forked at top; pedicels 0.5-1.5 cm long, often elongating and enlarging in fruit; bracts minute, linear; flowers brownish yellow; sepals 5, ovate, ca. 4-5 mm long, 3-4 mm broad; petals 5, ca. 6-8 cm long, 3-4 mm broad, obtuse to rounded, pubescent outside; ovary globose, ca. 2 mm long, densely pilose, styles 2-3 mm long, slender. Fruit subglobose to ovoid, 3-4 cm long, 2-3 cm across, brown, spotted, glabrous at maturity or pubescent at base and apex only.
    Western and southern China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and Cambodia. Taiwan, in thickets, 500-1,500 m.
    TAOYOUN: Lalashan, Leu 2045. TAICHUNG: Lileng forest road, Shen 602. NANTOU: Lien-hwa-chih, Lu 16482. CHIAYI: Suisha, Hayata 16697 (Type of A. gnaphalocarpa, TAIF). TAITUNG: Tai-ma-li, Wang et al. 8762.