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    台灣植物誌 第一版  Flora of Taiwan, 1st edition    Vol. 1

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    台灣植物誌第一版  Flora of Taiwan, 1st edition  1: 147


    19. ONOCLEACEAE yl
    CHARLES E. DEVOL
    Rhizome creeping or erect, dictyostellc; stipes not articulate to rhizome, covered with scales at base. Fronds strongly dimorphic; fertile fronds pinnate to. bipinnate, dark brown to nearly black. Sporangia covered by an inner indusium and by coriaceous reflexed leaf margin; sterile fronds herbaceous, pinnate to bipinnatifid; venation free or anastomosing. Spores green.
    Two genera, one in Taiwan.
    1. MATTEUCCIA Todaro G
    Large terrestrial ferns. Rhizomes stout, erect or procumbent at base, dictyo- stelle; stipes clustered; scales on rhizome, stipe and rachis attached by base, thin, brown, lanceolate. Fronds dimorphic; fertile fronds pinnate, much contracted, becoming purplish-brown, the margins coriaceous, inrolled, concealing the sori; sterile fronds bipinnatifid, texture herbaceous, the venation free, the undersurface oflamina sparsely covered with small narrow scales along costa and veins.
    Three species, one in Taiwan.
    1. Matteuccia orientalis (Hook.) Trev. in Atti 1st Veneto III. 14: 586.1869; Ogata, Icon. Fil. Jap. P6: pl. 281. 1935; Nayar & Kazmi in Bull. Nat. Bot. Gard. No. 82: 11-16. f. 20-26, 38, 39, 1963; DeVol in Notes Bot. Chin. Mus. Heude. 7: 57. 1945; Ohwi, Fl. Jap. 51. 1965; Lloyd in Univ. Calif. Pub. Bot. 61: 70. 1971. FG Pl. 48
    Sterile fronds bipinnatifid; stipe 10-30 cm long, c. s. round, with 2 curved
    bundles; scales at base thin, brown, entire, lanceolate; lamina longer than wide; venation free, simple. Fertile fronds dark brown, persistent, pinnate; stipe 15-25 cm long; pinnae linear, usually 5-6 cm long. Sporangia in a coenosori, covered with thin, linear, inner indusium and coriaceous inrolled brown leaf margins.
    Distributed in Korea, Japan, Taiwan, China and the Himalayas.
    @@@ILAN: Taipingshan, Sasaki s. n. May 8, 1932;* Cross Island Highway, Ssuyuan, Hsu 853, Kuo 4040.