台灣植物誌 第二版 Flora of Taiwan, 2nd edition Vol. 1
4. CEPHALOTAXACEAE 粗榧科
LI, HUI-LIN and KENG, HSUAN
Trees or shrubs, the bark gray, fissured, the branchlets opposite. Leaves persistent, spirally arranged but spreading in 2 ranks, with a prominent midrib above and 2 broad glaucous stomatic bands beneath. Staminate and ovuliferous cones dioecious, axillary. Staminate cones in short-stalked clusters, the staminate scales with 3-9 pollen sacs. Ovuliferous cones small,at the base of branchlets, consisting of several pairs of 2-ovuled scales, only 1 or 2 ovules developed into seeds. Seeds ovoid, enclosed in a fleshy aril, drupe-like.
This family contains the following one genus only.
1. CEPHALOTAXUS Sieb. & Zucc. 粗榧屬
Characters of the family.
About six species, from eastern Himalayas to E. Asia; one, C. wilsoniana Hayata, is endemic to Taiwan.
1. Cephalotaxus wilsoniana Hayata, Icon. Pl. Form. 4: 22. 1914; Li in Fl. Taiwan 1: 504. pl. 173. 1975; Cheng et al. in Fl. Reip. Pop. Sin. 7: 428. pl. 97. f. 1. 1978. 台灣粗榧 Pl.215, Photo 83, 84, 85
A medium-sized tree, to 10 m high and 40 cm in diameter, the bark smooth, fibrous, the branches pendulous. Leaves linear, flat, slightly falcate, 3-4 cm long, 2.5-3 mm broad, the apex acute, the base narrowed, the midrib prominent above,the margins slightly revolute, with 2 grayish white stomatic bands beneath . Seeds ovoid to obovoid, about 1.8-2.5 cm long, 1 cm across. Chromosome number x=12 (Chuang & Hu, 1963).
Endemic. Widely distributed in Taiwan, but locally scarce, it is usually growing under large trees in both broad-leaved and coniferous forests at altitudes of 1,400-2,000 meters.
TAIPEI: Suzuki 18293. ILAN: Taipingshan, Suzuki 3833. HSINCHU: Simada s. n. 1918. NANTOU: Liu 410059*. CHIAYI: Mt. Alishan, Wilson 10784; Mt. Yushan, Bartlett 6310. HUALIEN: Mukuashan, Liu et al. 267.