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    福爾摩沙植物名錄  A List of Plants from Formosa    

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    福爾摩沙植物名錄 A List of Plants from Formosa  0: 9

    ASIATIC SOCIETY OF JAPAN. 9
    Dicotyledons; the Monocotyledons are somewhat incom-plete. Mr. Playfair's collection was determined at Kew. With regard to the determination of my own collection, the Monocotyledons (except grasses) were determined by the Kew Staff and Mr. C. B. Clarke, who kindly identified the cyperaceae. Mr. Baker looked after the Ferns. I went over the Dicotyledons myself; and Mr. Hemsley and Dr. Oliver did a part of these. Their results have appeared in the Annals of Botany, Hook. Icones Plantarum, etc., quoted in the List. The greater part of my Labiatae, Acanthaceae and Gramineae are still undetermined.
    In Mr. Perkins's Report on Formosa (Foreign Office ; Commercial No. 1, 1896) there is an appendix, a popular account of the botany of Formosa, by myself. This article has been reprinted in Kew Bulletin, March, 1896. The information given therein on the economic botany is repro-duced and extended in the List under the plants concerned. It may be well here to give some references, which will bind this scattered information together.
    The most interesting vegetable products of the island, exclusive of the cereals and ordinary crops, which are the same as met with in South China, are :Camphor, Tea, Indigo, Textile Fibres, Turmeric, Dye-yam, Rattans, Mats, Timbers, Soap-fruits, Ok-gue, Rice-paper Pith.
    Concerning Camphor and Tea, since I did not visit the districts of production, I have nothing especial to say (See List, Nos. 87, 891) except that I have pointed out the possibility of the rise of a Camphor industry on the Chinese mainland, in case the Japanese Government by restricted monopolies in Formosa and Japan raise the price of camphor to a high figure. I have not been able to get at any documents concerning the introduction of tea into Formosa and its subsequent history : and I hope some one will be able to supply this gap in our information. Concerning Indigo, see Nos. 215, 216; Turmeric, No. 1085; Dye-yam, No. 1,102; Rattans, Nos. 1,141, 1,142. The