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    福爾摩沙植物名錄  A List of Plants from Formosa    

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    福爾摩沙植物名錄 A List of Plants from Formosa  0: 11

    ASIATIC SOCIETY OF JAPAN. 11
    produced in Hainan the costly Ai Camphor: and some points in connection with this are treated of in No. 509.
    Other vegetable products of some economic interest are: local garoo-wood (No. 965); vegetable tallow (No. 964) ; Castor Oil (No. 960) ; and Ok-gue, which is a fig yielding large quantities of jelly (No. 986).
    Concerning the Opium Poppy and false Star-Aniseed, there are a few remarks in Nos. 38 and 10.
    The most beautiful plants are the various tree-orchids, of which perhaps Phalaenopsis Aphrodite is the most striking. True Lilium Longiflorum is met with wild at both ends of the island. Clerodendron paniculatum is re-markable for its fiery red flowers. There is a pretty twining Jasmine, worthy of introduction into European gardens. Kelmannia Oldhami is an elegant plant. The Gardenia is common wild. Costus speciosus is a lovely plant, met with generally in the shade of bamboo groves. Palms are not numerous in species : but one of them, a small one, Arenga Engleri, is very beautiful, and should be introduced into European conservatories. I need say nothing on the beauty of the Ferns, which is well-known to everyone in the East. There are many graceful, many useful Bamboos,some of the latter very large in diameter indeed and used for making the local tek-pais or catamarans; but our botanical knowledge of Formosan bamboos is scanty indeed.
    Of peculiar plants, a new species of Amorphophallus, found on Ape's Hill, is perhaps the most curious. From a tube arises a leafless spadix, expanded above into a hollow organ, covered with bristles, dull red or purple in colour, a gruesome sight, at which I have seen dogs take fright. In the following year, it sends up its leaves. Epipremum mirabile, the Tonga plant, is a gigantic climber, remarkable for its loop-holed and indented large leaves. It is perhaps not so large a climber as Entada scandens, which occurs in the mountains, and bears enormous pods