第二版臺灣植物誌的修訂，是行政院國家科學委員會於 1984 年，委託黃增泉主持規劃《台灣植物誌》事宜。作者以國內學者為主，並集合美、日、荷蘭、澳洲、新加坡、中國等地共約百位學者共同參與，歷經近十二年完成，計六卷，屬英文版，於1993－2003年間分別出版。內容共收錄 4,339 種植物之學名、形態描述、檢索、引證標本、分佈地區、相關文獻、插圖照片，總名錄及索引等。其中有 4,077 種原產於臺灣，1,067 種為臺灣特有，未見於世界其他地方，262 種為歸化或重要外來植物。另外對於台灣植物之組成、特有性及其親緣關係有詳細之說明。「台灣植物誌第二版」於2004年榮獲國際植物分類學會 (International Association for Plant Taxonomy, IAPT) 頒發「恩格勒銀質獎章」 (Engler Silver Medal)。
The National Science Council asked Professor Tseng-chieng Huang to take in charge of the revision of Flora of Taiwan in 1984. The editors of the second edition of Flora of Taiwan were composed of about 100 scholars, mainly from Taiwan but also including scholars from the United States, Japan, the Netherlands, Australia, Singapore, and China. The publication is written in English, a total of six volumes of completion from 1993 to 2003 in nearly twelve years. The content of this edition includes the accepted names and synonyms, descriptions of all taxa, indented dichotomous keys to different taxa, citation of herbarium collections, geographical ranges and habitats, bibliographical references, illustrations and color photographs, directory, and index of total 4,339 species. Including 1,067 endemic species in Taiwan, there are 4,077 of indigenous species and 262 naturalized and important introduced species documented in the publication. The second edition of Flora of Taiwan also incorporates detail descriptions of the vegetation, uniqueness of flora, and chromosomal information in the documentation. In 2004, the second edition of Flora of Taiwan was awarded 'Engler Silver Medal' by International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT).