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Plants of Taiwan

  • Tropidia formosana Rolfe ex Hemsl.
    南化摺唇蘭   Endemic

    形態特徵

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    相關連結

    作者

    Wei-Min Lin, Ling-Long Kuo Huang and Tsan-Piao Lin

    形態特徵

    • Stem 25-40 cm tall, more or less flattened.
    • Leaves 3-5 per stem, lanceolate-oblong, usually less than 16 cm long, 2.7 cm wide, apex acuminate, base rounded; sheaths long.
    • Inflorescence terminal, 1.5 cm long; bracts lanceolate, glabrous. Flowers fewer than 25, dense, not resupinate, greenish-white, glabrous, 6.5 mm long, 4 mm wide; pedicel and ovary about 4 mm long; sepals subequal, upper sepal free, lanceolate, 5 mm long, 2.5 mm wide, concave; lateral sepal connate 3/5 their length and forming a saccate at base, about 6 mm long, 3 mm wide; petals lanceolate, 5 mm long, 2 mm wide,concave, keeled; lip ca. 5.5 mm long, 2 mm wide, bilobed saccate at base, ligulate and recurved at apex, 2 rounded calli at front part, disc with 2 longitudinal ridges; column straight, including rostellum 3 mm long; anther cap ovate, fleshy, 3-3.3 mm long, round at apex; pollinia clavate, stipe slender; viscidium linear-lanceolate; stigma broadly triangular.

    物候

    Flowering time: October to November.

    分布

    Taiwan: This orchid was first collected by Mr. Yu-Shan Huang, an orchid-hobbyist, from a trail near the Nan-Hua Dam (close to Chiahsien), Tainan County at an elevation about 150 m. It grows in a bamboo forest, but only 5 individuals have been located.

    引證標本

    Weimin Lin s. n. (holo TAI 256769, Nan-Hua Dam, Tainan County).

    資料來源

    Wei-Min Lin, Ling-Long Kuo Huang and Tsan-Piao Lin. 2006. Newly Discovered Native Orchids of Taiwan. Taiwania. 51(3): 165.

    本種於 1895 年由 Hemsl. 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 2 種學名、 1 種中文名及 0 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 2 份 典藏標本

    <em>Tropidia formosana</em> Rolfe <em>ex</em> Hemsl.南化摺唇蘭