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Plants of Taiwan

  • Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L’Her.) Blume
    鶴頂蘭    

    形態特徵

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    相關連結

    作者

    SU, Horng-Jye

    形態特徵

    • Plants without stems. Pseudobulbs ovoid or globose, ca. 2 cm across.
    • Leaves 3-5, petiolate, lanceolate, 50-80 cm long, 10-15 cm wide, strongly plicate, acute.
    • Racemes erect, stout, to 100 cm tall, with many scale-like sheaths toward base; bracts large, elliptic, 4.5 cm long, deciduous. Flowers 10-20, whitish outside, pink inside, 8 cm in diam.; sepals spreading, lanceolate or oblong, 4-5 cm long, 1.5-2 cm wide, acute at apex, contracted at base; petals oblanceolate, as long as sepals but narrower; lip embracing column, 5 cm long, obtriangular when expanded, 4-5 cm wide, apex 3-lobed, undulate, villose inside, lateral lobes rounded, midlobe truncate, emarginate, spur 1 cm long; column ca. 2.5 cm long, dilated at apex, narrowed downward, glabrous abaxially; anther cordate, 4.5 mm long, hirsute outside; pollinia flattened ovoid, 2 mm long, connected by broad caudicles; stigma semiorbicular; rostellum triangular, 2 mm long.

    分布

    World: India, Sri Lanka and southern China, through Thailand and Malaysia to Indonesia, Australia and the Pacific islands.
    Taiwan: Broad leaved forests at low elevations throughout and Lanyu Is.

    引證標本

    TAIPEI: Pinglin, Ito 402. ILAN: Yunshan, Su s. n. Apr 1983. TAITUNG: Lanyu Is., Su 6990, 7844.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 1001.

    本種於 1978 年由 Liu & Su 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 2 種學名、 4 種中文名及 1 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 5 份 典藏標本

    <em>Phaius tankervilleae</em> (Banks <em>ex</em> L’Her.) Blume鶴頂蘭