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Plants of Taiwan

  • Phaius mishmensis (Lindl. & Paxt.) Rchb. f.
    細距鶴頂蘭    

    形態特徵

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    相關連結

    作者

    SU, Horng-Jye

    形態特徵

    • Stems 60-80 cm tall, 7-10 mm in diam., base +/- dilated, without distinct pseudobulbs, leafy apically, with several tubular scales basally.
    • Leaves 4-7, nearly distichous, oblong or oblong-obovate, 20- 30 cm long, 5-8 cm wide, apex acute, base cuneate, upper surface lustrous.
    • Raceme from middle of stem, peduncle erect, slender; bracts oblong-lanceolate, 3-4 cm long, soon deciduous; pedicel and ovary 3-3.5 cm long, glabrous. Flowers loosely spaced, pink, 5 cm across; sepals elongate-oblong, 2.7-3.5 cm long, 8-10 mm wide, acute; petals linear-oblanceolate, 2.7-3 cm long, 4-6 mm wide, obtuse; lip spurred, folded, tube-like, obtriangular, 2-3 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide, apex shallowly 3-lobed, lateral lobes erect, obtuse or rounded, midlobe truncate, often emarginate, apex cuspidate, curving downwards; disc with minute reddish dots and a median fleshy keel; spur 1-1.5 cm long; column 2 cm long, yellow or whitish, curved, dilated at apex; anther cordate, 2 mm long, hirsute outside, pollinia flattened ovoid, 1.5-2 mm long, connected by broad caudicles; stigma semiorbicular; rostellum short ligulate, undivided or slightly retuse.

    分布

    World: The Himalaya, India, southern China, Indochina, the Ryukyus and the Philippines.
    Taiwan: Forests in the central and southern part of the island.

    引證標本

    ILAN: Nanao, Su et al. 8122. NANTOU: Chushan, Su s. n. Jan 1986. KAOHSIUNG: Liukuei, Su & Chen s. n. Jan 1987. PINGTUNG: Botan, Nakahara 459; Linungshan, Su & Chen 8578. TAITUNG: Chingshuiying, Su s .n. Dec 1970; Hsinkangshan, Su & Chen 7729*.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 999.

    本種於 1975 年由 Lin 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 2 種學名、 3 種中文名及 1 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 8 份 典藏標本

    <em>Phaius mishmensis</em> (Lindl. & Paxt.) Rchb. f.細距鶴頂蘭