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Plants of Taiwan

  • Goodyera biflora (Lindl.) Hook. f.
    長花斑葉蘭    

    形態特徵

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    相關連結

    作者

    LEOU, Chong-Sheng

    形態特徵

    • Terrestrial herbs. Rhizome creeping, up to 12 cm long, ascending at apex, often with rosette leaves upward.
    • Leaves ovate, 2-4 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, acute at apex, usually rounded at base, upper surface dark green, with shining white reticulated veins, lower surface often purple red at midrib; petiole 1-2 cm long.
    • Inflorescence nearly sessile, usually 1-3-flowered, often subtended by several bracts, bracts glabrous. Flowers cream, tinged with reddish brown towards base, long-tubular, 20-23 mm long; ovary 8- 12 mm long, hairy, curved at apex; sepals narrowly lanceolate, connate at base, 4 mm wide, obtuse at apex; petals white rhombate-linear, slightly oblique, 20-23 mm long, 4-5 mm wide; lip white with yellow edges, linear-lanceolate, 17-20 mm long, saccate at base, hairy inside, limb narrowly elliptic, subacute, densely hairy along midrib, recurved at apex; column 12-15 mm long; anther 12 mm long; pollinia yellow, oblanceolate, 10 mm long; stigma, with toothed lower edge; rostellum slender, 12 mm long; viscidium 4-5 mm long, oblong-lanceolate.

    分布

    World: India, Nepal, southern China, Japan and Korea.
    Taiwan: In forests at 800-2,200 m in the eastern and central regions.

    引證標本

    HSINCHU: Litungshan, Su 7858. NANTOU: Meifong, Leou 4134; Tungpu, Leou 4098. CHIAYI: Alishan, Leou 3280. HUALIEN: Shiaohsinshan, Su & Chung, 2002.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 901.

    本種於 1975 年由 Lin 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 2 種學名、 3 種中文名及 1 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 2 份 典藏標本

    <em>Goodyera biflora</em> (Lindl.) Hook. f.長花斑葉蘭