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Plants of Taiwan

  • Goodyera procera (Ker Gawl.) Hook. f.
    穗花斑葉蘭    

    形態特徵

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    相關連結

    作者

    LEOU, Chong-Sheng

    形態特徵

    • Terrestrial herbs, often hygrophilous. Rhizome often erect, tufted, densely noded and bearing many roots at each node, produced into erect stem 20-30 cm long, leafy upward.
    • Leaves ovate-lanceolate, elliptic or rhombic, 10-15 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, acuminate at apex, cuneate at base; petioles 3-6 cm long, with many subparallel lateral veins.
    • Peduncle up to 30 cm long, glabrous at base, sparsely hairy toward apex, with 3-5 sheaths below; rachis ca. 15-20 cm long, with up to hundred flowers; floral bracts glabrous or hairy outside, irregularly denticulate at margins. Flowers spicate; ovary glabrous; sepals green, glabrous, 3-3.5 mm long, dorsal one elliptic, lateral ones ovate, spreading horizontally; petals obliquely spatulate, white; lip nearly orbicular, 2.5-3 mm long, base slightly saccate, hairy inside, apex recurved, disc with 2 rounded callose protuberances; column 1.5-2 mm long; anther more or less incumbent; pollinia clavate; stigma rounded; rostellum, bifid at apex; viscidium ovate.

    分布

    World: Widely distributed in subtropical Himalaya, India, Indochina, Malaya, southwestern China, Japan and the Ryukyus.
    Taiwan: In moist places throughout the island.

    引證標本

    TAIPEI: Pinlin, Leou 3678; Wulai, Leou 3779. TAOYUEN: Shimen, Leou 3695. ILAN: Tungao, Su 7851. NANTOU: Hsinyi, Leou 3751; Chitou, Leou 3317. KAOHSIUNG: Duona, Leou 3764. TAITUNG: Lanyu Is., Leou 3454.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 908.

    本種於 1896 年由 Henry 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 2 種學名、 1 種中文名及 2 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 45 份 典藏標本

    <em>Goodyera procera</em> (Ker Gawl.) Hook. f.穗花斑葉蘭