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Plants of Taiwan

  • Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Hook. f.
    高嶺斑葉蘭    

    形態特徵

    TYPE! <em>Goodyera foliosa</em> (Lindl.) Hook. f.

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    相關連結

    作者

    LEOU, Chong-Sheng

    形態特徵

    • Terrestrial herbs. Stems long creeping below, noded distantly, ascending above, up to 15 cm tall, leafy upward.
    • Leaves green, obliquely elliptic, 3-7 cm long, 2-2.8 cm wide, acute at apex, attenuate or rounded at base, 3-nerved, veins silver color, shining, lateral ones more prominent and joining midrib at apex.
    • Inflorescence 5-10 cm long, shorter pedunculate; peduncle hairy, subtended by several bracts; floral bracts lanceolate, hairy outside, ciliate at margins. Flowers 3-15, dense; ovary 8 mm long, hairy; sepals not spreading, pale greenish-brown or red-brown, with whitish edges, ovate, 7-10 mm long, 3.5- 5 mm wide, hairy outside, lateral ones oblique; petals somewhat rhombic, 8-10 mm long, 4-5 mm wide, with or without reddish colour on upper half, closely appressed to dorsal sepal, often slightly concave at apex, joined together at contacted margins; lip cymbiform, 6-8 mm long, base saccate, hairy within, limb narrow, straight or slightly recurved at apex, white tinged with red-brown on underside of margins, grooved along midrib, convex at both sides; column, 5-7 mm long; anther ovate, shorter than rostellum; stigma ventral, nearly orbicular, protruding; rostellum lanceolate, retuse at apex.

    分布

    World: India, the Himalaya, southern China, Vietnam, Malaya, and Japan.
    Taiwan: Common in mountainous regions below 2,000 m.

    引證標本

    TAIPEI: Wulai, Leou 3973. TAOYUEN: Lalashan, Leou 3589; Najyeshan, Su 8533. ILAN: Nanao, Su 8029. HSINCHU; Litungshan, Leou 3439; Kuanshi, Leou 3691. MIAOLI; Nanchuang, Lin, s. n. Oct 1972. NANTOU: Salishen, Leou 3629; Chitou, Leou 4138. PINGTUNG: Lilungshen, Leou 3618. TAITUNG: Lanyu Is., Leou 3461.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 904.

    本種於 1975 年由 Lin 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 3 種學名、 3 種中文名及 1 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 14 份 典藏標本

    <em>Goodyera foliosa</em> (Lindl.) Hook. f.高嶺斑葉蘭