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Plants of Taiwan

  • Gastrochilus fuscopunctatus (Hayata) Hayata
    紅斑松蘭   Endemic

    形態特徵

    TYPE! <em>Gastrochilus fuscopunctatus</em> (Hayata) Hayata

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    相關連結

    作者

    SU, Horng-Jye

    形態特徵

    • Stems 2-10 cm long, prostrate or pendulous.
    • Leaves oblong or lanceolate, often more or less falcate, 1.5-2.5 cm long, 4-5 mm wide, apex acute, often with a sharp back seta, or minutely 3-fid; both surfaces green, often densely brown punctate.
    • Racemes 1-2 cm long; peduncle slender; bracts minute, scale-like, less than 1 mm long; pedicel and ovary 6-7 mm long. Flowers often 2, yellowish green, brown punctate; sepals elliptic, 3-4 mm long, 2 mm wide, obtuse, lateral ones slightly oblique-falcate; petals obovate, 3- 4 mm long, 2 mm wide, rounded at apex; lip with a compressed cup-like sac and a small small terminal limb, sac 4-5 mm tall, truncate at base, limb whitish, with a yellow patch dotted with brown at center, semiorbicular, 2 mm across, glabrous, without callosity; column short, 2 mm long; anther cap ovate to rhombic, 1.8 mm long; pollinia 0.8 mm across, stipe slender, 2 mm long; viscidium tape-like, 1 mm long.
    • Capsules fusiform or obovoid, 1.5-2 cm long, sharply 3-ridged, densely brownish purple punctate.

    分布

    Taiwan: Common in forests at 1,000-2,500 m throughout the island.

    引證標本

    TAIPEI: Poloshan, Su 7843; Lalashan, Su 8501. NANTOU: Chitou, Su et al. 8516; Jinkanshushan, Su et al. 8507. PINGTUNG: Wutai, Su & Chen 8144. TAITUNG: Tapushan, Su 195; Kueihu, Su & Chen 8155. HUALIEN: Chingshuishan, Su & Hsu 8348.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 887.

    本種於 1917 年由 Hayata 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 3 種學名、 2 種中文名及 1 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 5 份 典藏標本

    <em>Gastrochilus fuscopunctatus</em> (Hayata) Hayata紅斑松蘭