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Plants of Taiwan

  • Gastrochilus formosanus (Hayata) Hayata
    台灣松蘭   Endemic

    形態特徵

    TYPE! <em>Gastrochilus formosanus</em> (Hayata) Hayata

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    相關連結

    作者

    SU, Horng-Jye

    形態特徵

    • Stems elongate, prostrate, rooting throughout.
    • Leaves oblong, 1.5-3 cm long, 4-8 mm wide, fleshy, articulated with persistent sheath, green but sometimes with a few purple spots, apex acute or bifid, with a back seta.
    • Racemes 2-3 cm long; bract minute, triangular, ca. 1-1.5 mm long; pedicel and ovary 1-1.3 cm long. Flowers 2 or 3, yellowish, with minute purple dots or irregular blotches; sepals elliptic-oblong, 4.5-7 mm long, 3-4 mm wide, obtuse, concave, lateral ones slightly oblique; petals similar to sepals, flat, slightly narrowed at base; lip adnate to base of column, sac cup-like, 4-7 mm long, 4-5 mm in diam., yellowish, sometimes with purple dots, not or slightly contracted at opening, limb broadly triangular or semiorbicular, whitish but tinged with brown at center, 3-4 mm long, 6-9 mm wide, slightly dentate or serrate or nearly entire, pubescent on disc or only in center; column stout, ca. 2-3 mm long; anther cap ovate-lanceolate, 2.5 mm long; pollinia globose, 0.8 mm in diam., stipe slender, 2 mm long.

    分布

    World: China.
    Taiwan: Common in forests at 500-2,000 m throughout the island.

    引證標本

    TAIPEI: Wulai, Su 748. NANTOU: Chitou, Su 8148*; Meifong, Su & Wu 9570. CHIAYI: Alishan, Kawakami & Mori s. n. Mar 1908. KAOHSIUNG: Dona, Su et al. 7533. TAITUNG: Hsinkangshan, Su & Chen 7713. HUALIEN: Lakulaku, Su & Hsu 8791.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 885.

    本種於 1917 年由 Hayata 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 10 種學名、 3 種中文名及 1 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 13 份 典藏標本

    <em>Gastrochilus formosanus</em> (Hayata) Hayata台灣松蘭