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Plants of Taiwan

  • Eria corneri Reichb. f.
    黃絨蘭    

    形態特徵

    TYPE! <em>Eria corneri</em> Reichb. f.

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    相關連結

    作者

    SU, Horng-Jye

    形態特徵

    • Pseudobulbs closely tufted, ovoid, often 4-ridged, 4-6 cm long, ca. 2 cm in diam., with 2 leaves at apex, base covered by 2-3 scales before maturity.
    • Leaves oblanceolate or oblong, 15-35 cm long, 3.5-6 cm wide, acuminate or acute at apex, attenuate, canaliculate at base; veins and veinlets parallel, elavated on both surfaces.
    • Peduncle from near apex of pseudobulb, 5-10 cm long; rachis ca. 15 cm long; bracts ca. 3 mm long; pedicel and ovary 1 cm long. Flowers dense, white to pale yellow, ca. 1.5 cm in diam., not resupinate; dorsal sepal linear-triangular, 1.2 cm long, 3 mm wide, apex obtuse, not contracted at base, 3-5-nerved; lateral sepals obliquely triangular-oblong, 1cm long, 6 mm wide, 5-nerved, apex obtuse, base adnate to foot of column forming distinct mentum; petals linear-lanceolate, more or less recurved, 11 mm long, 2 mm wide, acute; lip articulated with foot of column, ovate-rhomboid, 9 mm long, 6 mm wide, 3-lobed, lateral lobes semioblong, 2.5 mm long, erect and slightly embracing column, terminal lobe ovate-triangular, 3.5 mm long, 3 mm wide, apex obtuse, disc with 3 long keels and usually 2 short keels near apex, keels undulate-cristate, purple toward apex; column 3 mm long, foot 4 mm long; anther 2-celled; pollinia 8, triangular-ovate, in 2 pairs; stigma slightly convex.
    • Fruit ellipsoid, 1.3- 1.5 cm long.

    分布

    World: Southern China, Vietnam and the Ryukyus.
    Taiwan: Mostly on rocks and tree trunks in broadleaved forests, 500-1,500 m, throughout.

    引證標本

    TAIPEI: Wulai, Su & Chen 7403; Tungyenshan, Su 385. ILAN: Jinchaoshan, Su 8581. TAICHUNG: Tahsuehshan, Liu & al s. n. Oct 1957; Chiapaotai, Su 8589. NANTOU: Hoshe, Su 57; Salichien, Su 641. KAOHSIUNG: Laonungchi, Su 8113; Sanping, Kuoh 4007. PINGTUNG: Linungshan, Su & Chen 7249; 9199. TAITUNG: Hsingkangshan, Yamamoto s. n. Apr 1930; Su & Chen 7724. HUALIEN: Fonglin, Su 261.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 864.

    本種於 1878 年由 Rchb. f. 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 2 種學名、 5 種中文名及 1 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 32 份 典藏標本

    <em>Eria corneri</em> Reichb. f.黃絨蘭