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Plants of Taiwan

  • Cymbidium lancifolium Hook. f.
    竹柏蘭    

    形態特徵

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    相關連結

    作者

    SU, Horng-Jye

    形態特徵

    • Terrestrial herbs ca. 20-30 cm tall. Roots 4-5 mm thick. Rhizomes short, ascending. Pseudobulbs clavate or cylindrical, 3-10 cm long, 7-10 mm wide, usually enclosed by leaf sheaths, bearing 3-4 leaves.
    • Leaves oblanceolate or oblong, 10-18 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, coriaceous, apex acute, base cuneate and decurrent into petiole 3-10 cm long, minutely serrate at upper margins, midrib elevated on lower surface.
    • Peduncle lateral, arising from middle part of pseudobulb, erect or ascending, 5-12 cm tall, racemes with 4-8 flowers; bracts lanceolate, 1-1.5 cm long; pedicel and ovary ca. 3 cm long. Flowers whitish or yellowish white, rarely tinged with pale green, 4-5 cm in diam.; sepals oblanceolate, 2.5- 3.2 cm long, 5-6 mm wide, acute, lateral ones slightly oblique; petals often with purplish red midrib, obovate-oblong, 2.2-2.5 cm long, 7-8 mm wide, acute, slightly oblique; lip ovate, 1.8-2.2 cm long, 8-12 mm wide, 3-lobed, lateral lobes triangular-semiorbicular, erect, with transverse red lines and spots, midlobe ovate, reflexed, obtuse or rounded, with irregular reddish patches, disc with 2 longitudinal keels between sidelobes; column yellowish white, 1.3-1.5 cm long, arched; anther semispherical, yellow, 3 mm across; pollinia 4, in 2 unequal pairs, attached to semi-orbicular viscidium.
    • Capsules elongate ellipsoid, ca. 4 cm long, pedicels 1.5 cm long.
    • Variety lancifolium is highly variable in the size of the plants and flowers and in flower color. In Taiwan it flowers from April to September and is somewhat disctinct from the following varieties.

    物候

    Flowers from April to September.

    分布

    World: Southeast Asia, northward to southern Japan, southern China, the Himalaya, southward through Indonesia to Papua New Guinea.
    Taiwan: Common in broadleaved forests, 500-1,500 m, throughout.

    引證標本

    TAIPEI: Wulai, Su & Chen 9023; Tsaikonkengshan, Su & Chen 8675. NANTOU: Chitou, Su 614. HUALIEN: Yuli, Su 8178; Panshih to Longchien, Su 9352. TAITUNG: Duluanshan, Sasaki s. n. May 1929.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 829.

    本種於 1914 年由 Hayata 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 2 種學名、 1 種中文名及 1 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 7 份 典藏標本

    <em>Cymbidium lancifolium</em> Hook. f.竹柏蘭