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Plants of Taiwan

  • Cremastra appendiculata (D. Don) Makino var. variabilis (Blume) I.D. Lund
    馬鞭蘭    

    形態特徵

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    相關連結

    作者

    SU, Horng-Jye

    形態特徵

    • Plants ca. 30 cm tall. Pseudobulbs ovoid-ellipsoid or nearly globose, 1.5-2 cm tall, 1.5-2.5 cm in diam., with 2-3 internodes, surrounded by few membranaceous scales, with whitish thick roots and rhizomes below.
    • Leaves solitary or rarely 2, arising from apex of pseudobulb, oblong, 20-30 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, apex acute, base cuneate, mainly 3-nerved, entire or slightly undulate, more or less plicate; petiole 10-15 cm long, enclosed by 2 or 3 tubular scales.
    • Peduncle lateral from pseudobulb, erect, 20-30 cm long; racemes ca. 10-flowered; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 6-8 mm long; pedicel and ovary 11-13 mm long, strongly down-curved. Flowers pendulous, long tubular, to 4 com long, brownish orange or pale purplish, with blue-violet spots especially on petals and lip; sepals linear-oblanceolate, 3-3.5 cm long, 4- 5 mm wide, apex acuminate, contracted at base, lateral ones slightly longer and oblique; petals similar to sepals but slightly shorter, with large blue-violet spots except narrow base; lip linear-oblanceolate, 3.5 cm long, connate with column at saccate base and long sulcate claw, free and 3-lobed at apex, lateral lobes linear, 5 mm long, midlobe triangular-ovate, 8 mm long, entire, acute, disc with clavate or tonguelike appendage just below anther, appendage white, verruculose to nearly smooth; column 2.5-2.7 cm long, slender, enlarged at apex; anther-cap triangular; pollinia compressed, with large triangular viscidium; stigma concave.
    • Capsules pendulous, ellipsoid-cylindric, ca. 4 cm long.

    分布

    World: The Himalaya, India, China, Japan, Vietnam and Thailand.
    Taiwan: Forests at 1,000-2,000 m throughout island.

    引證標本

    TAIPEI: North Chiatienshan, Su 1036. HSINCHU: Litongshan, Su 7790; 7819. ILAN: Taipingshan, Suzuki s. n. Apr 1930; Nanhutashan, Su & Su 7135. NANTOU: Chitou, Su s. n. Apr 1969. KAOHSIUNG: Tienchi, Su 9108.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 817.

    本種於 2016 年由 Lin et al. 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 4 種學名、 1 種中文名及 1 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 19 份 典藏標本

    <em>Cremastra appendiculata</em> (D. Don) Makino var. <em>variabilis</em> (Blume) I.D. Lund馬鞭蘭