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Plants of Taiwan

  • Calanthe triplicata (Willemet) Ames
    白鶴蘭    

    形態特徵

    TYPE! <em>Calanthe triplicata</em> (Willemet) Ames

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    相關連結

    作者

    SU, Horng-Jye

    形態特徵

    • Terrestrial herbs 50-60 cm tall. Rhizomes indistinct. Roots rather thick, usually 4-5 mm in diam. Pseudobulbs clavate, covered by leaf bases, 2-4 cm long, with 3-5 nodes.
    • Leaves 3-6, fasciclate, petioled, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 22-35 cm long, 5-14 cm wide, apex acute, base narrow; petioles 8-14 cm long.
    • Scapes 40-60 cm long, with 2 or 3 scales below; inflorescence more or less corymbose; bracts large, ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-2 cm long; pedicel and ovary slender, 3-4 cm long. Flowers white, with spreading sepals and petals; sepals obovate-oblong, 1.2-1.6 cm long, 5-6 mm wide, acute or apiculate, lateral ones wider and more or less oblique; petals obovate-spatulate, 1.2 cm long, 3-5 mm wide, acute at apex, contracted at base; lip 1-1.5 cm long, spurred, 3-lobed, lateral lobes linear-falcate or elongate rectangular, 5-7 mm long, basal margin entire or wavy, central lobe deeply divided into 2 linear falcate lobules being much longer than lateral lobes, spur 1.2-2 cm long; column 5 mm long, fused laterally and ventrally with base of lip; anther fleshy, cordate, 4 mm long; pollinia yellowish, clavate, 3 mm long, attached to clavate viscidium; stigma 2-parted; rostellum deeply 2-lobed, lobes truncate at apex.

    分布

    World: Widely distributed from southern Japan, the Ryukyus, southern China, India, southward through Malaysia to Australia and the Pacific Islands.
    Taiwan: Very common in forests below 1,500 m throughout the island.

    引證標本

    TAIPEI: Hsintien, Shimizu s. n. Sep 1936. NANTOU: Kuangtaochi, Lin s. n. Sep 1972 Hueishun forest, Su 8306. KAOHSIUNG: Nanfongshan, Huang & Kao s. n. Sep 1972. PINGTUNG: Chufongshan, Su et al. 6938. Wanlideshan, Su et al. 8002. TAITUNG: Lanyu Is., Su 7873.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 791.

    本種於 1978 年由 Liu & Su 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 5 種學名、 1 種中文名及 2 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 60 份 典藏標本

    <em>Calanthe triplicata</em> (Willemet) Ames白鶴蘭