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Plants of Taiwan

  • Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindl.
    傘花捲瓣蘭   Endemic

    形態特徵

    TYPE! <em>Bulbophyllum umbellatum</em> Lindl.

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    相關連結

    作者

    SU, Horng-Jye

    形態特徵

    • Rhizomes long creeping, terete, 3-4 mm in diam. Pseudobulbs 1-4 cm apart, ovoid to conic, often sulcate and rugose, 2-2.5 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, greenish yellow, lustrous.
    • Leaves subsessile, linearoblong, fleshy, coriaceous, 8-12 cm long, 1.5-2 cm wide, apex slightly retuse, base cuneate.
    • Scapes yellowish, with dark brown spots, 6-10 cm long, slender, but sometimes slightly dilated apically, scales 2, near base; bracts greenish, brown punctate, lanceolate, 6-8 mm long, acuminate at apex; pedicel and ovary 1.5-2.5 cm long. Flowers 3-6, umbellate, greenish yellow to pale brown, minutely red punctate, 2- 2.5 cm long; dorsal sepal ovate, concave, 8-12 mm long, 4-7 mm wide, acuminate at apex, entire; lateral sepals often free and parallel, falcate oblong, 16-18 mm long, 7 mm wide, apex acute, base oblique, incurved; petals ovate, 7 mm long, 4-5 mm wide, apex obtuse, entire; lip yellowish, tinged with red at base, tongue shaped, 5-6 mm long, 4 mm wide, apex obtuse, recurved; column 3-3.5 long, with 2 broad truncate wings at apex, wing with acute lower corner and stylid-like upper corner, base attenuate into foot, 6-7 mm long; anther pale yellow, 2-celled; pollinia 4, in 2 groups, connected by viscous material.
    • Capsules cylindrical-fusiform, 4-5 cm long.

    分布

    World: Widely in Southern China, the Himalaya, India and Indochina.
    Taiwan: Mainly in the center and south at 1,000-1,700 m.

    引證標本

    MIAOLI: Manapanshan, Su & Chen 8880. TAICHUNG: Pachienshan, Lai 2118. NANTOU: Chitou, Su 562; Hoshe, Su 7692. KAOHSIUNG: Liukuei, Su s. n. Sep 1969. TAITUNG: Hsingkangshan, Su & Chen 8200; Doushan, Su & Chen 8909. HUALIEN: Lakulakuchi, Su & Hsu 8186.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 775.

    本種於 1830 年由 Lindl 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 2 種學名、 2 種中文名及 1 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 2 份 典藏標本

    <em>Bulbophyllum umbellatum</em> Lindl.傘花捲瓣蘭