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Plants of Taiwan

  • Acampe rigida (Buch.-Ham ex J. E. Sm.) Hunt
    蕉蘭    

    形態特徵

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    相關連結

    作者

    SU, Horng-Jye

    形態特徵

    • Stems stout, 1 m or more long, 1-2 cm in diam., rooting near base, roots thick and rigid.
    • Leaves linear, 25-30 cm long, 4-5 cm wide, thick coriaceous, yellowish green, apex rounded and slightly oblique, base decurrent into sheath; sheaths tube like, embracing stem, 3 cm long.
    • Racemes lateral from upper part of stem, subcorymbose; bracts scale-like, 3-4 mm long, 5-6 mm wide; pedicel and ovary 11-13 mm long. Flowers pale yellow with red transverse stripes, ca. 1.8 cm in diam.; dorsal sepals oblanceolate, 13-15 mm long, 7-8 mm wide, apex rounded; lateral sepals obovate, slightly oblique, 13-15 mm long, 7-9 mm wide, obscurely keeled outside; petals oblanceolate falcate, 12-13 mm long, 4-5 mm wide, apex obtuse, base contracted; lip fleshy, whitish above, yellowish below, 1 cm long, base saccate, blade 3-lobed, lateral lobes erect, broadly triangular, midlobe ovate or oblong, recurved at apex, thickened at base, disc pubescent, sac shallowly conic, pubescent inside; column 2 mm high; anther cap semispherical, 2 mm long; pollinia globose, 0.8 mm in diam.; stipe slender viscidium rhombic, 2-fid.
    • Capsules nearly cylindrical, 5-6 cm long.

    分布

    World: Southern China, eastern Himalaya, northern Assam, Thailand, Indochina, Sri Lanka and Malaysia.
    Taiwan: On exposed rocks and precipices along rivers at low elevations.

    引證標本

    TAIPEI: Wulai, Lin 283. TAOYUEN: Kueihuei, Su et al. 8827, 9179. TAITUNG: Tawu, Su 188; Su 906*.

    資料來源

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 735.

    本種於 1977 年由 Lin 在台灣記錄到後,目前已有 3 種學名、 4 種中文名及 0 種其他語言俗名曾在台灣被使用。

    本種共有 3 份 典藏標本

    <em>Acampe rigida</em> (Buch.-Ham <em>ex</em> J. E. Sm.) Hunt蕉蘭