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Plants of Taiwan

  • Thrixspermum 風蘭屬

    SU, Horng-Jye

    本屬共有 9 種

    Erect or pendulous epiphytic herbs. Stems either short with few leaves close together, or rather long with many well-spaced leaves. Leaves narrow, usually oblong, flat or conduplicate. Racemes axillary; bracts distichous or spiral. Flowers opening successively, short lived; rarely opening together and long lasting; sepals and petals subequal, ovate to elliptic; lip continuous or jointed to foot of column, concave or saccate at base, 3-lobed, lobes erect from foot of column forming an enclosed sac-like structure, lateral lobes falcate, erect, embracing column, midlobe fleshy, with various trichomes and callosities on disc; column stout, with a distinct broad foot; anther terminal, operculate; pollinia 4, in 2 groups, each divided into unequal halves, or 2 and distinctly sulcate, waxy, attached to a large, broad stipe; stigma entire. Capsules linear-cylindrical.

    About 120 species, from Sri Lanka, Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia to Samoa and Papua New Guinea. Nine species in Taiwan.

    Data Source

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 1046.