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Plants of Taiwan

  • Epipogium 上鬚蘭屬

    SU, Horng-Jye

    本屬共有 4 種

    Terrestrial saprophytic leafless herbs without chlorophyll. Rhizomes tuberous or coralloid. Stems scapose, erect, more or less fleshy, loosely scaly and sheathed, often thick at base. Inflorescence terminal, a loose raceme; bracts membranaceous. Flower few to many, resupinate or not; sepals and petals subequal, free, spreading or connivent; lip sessile at base of column, broad, concave, entire or 3-lobed, spurred at base; column without foot, broadened apically; anther terminal, fleshy, incumbent or suberect, dorsally 2-celled; pollinia 2, sectile, with granular surface, with slender caudicle and common viscidium; stigma at base of column, entire or with 3 confluent elevated surfaces; rostellum obscure or small and separated from stigma. Capsules pendulous.

    About five species, from Europe and Africa through Asia to Australia. Two species in Taiwan.

    Data Source

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 861.