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Plants of Taiwan

  • Cymbidium 蘭蕙屬

    SU, Horng-Jye

    本屬共有 13 種

    Terrestrial, epiphytic or rarely saprophytic herbs with basal pseudobulbs of a few internodes. Roots thick, with whitish velamen, 5-10 mm in diam. Pseudobulbs ovoid or clavate, bearing tuft of leaves, covered with sheaths or overlapping leaf-bases. Leaves alternate or fascicled, linear or oblong-lanceolate, erect or curved, entire or minutely serrulate, coriaceous or membranaceous, never plicate, petiolate or not. Peduncle arising from lower part or base of pseudobulb, erect, arched or pendulous, with solitary flower or many racemose flowers; bracts shorter or longer than pedicel and ovary. Flowers fairly large, often fragrant; sepals nearly equal, free and spreading, linear lanceolate, oblong or lanceolate; petals nearly same length or shorter than sepals, oblong or ovate oblong, not widely spreading, often covering column and lip; lip hinged to base of column or basally united with base and sides of column, more or less 3-lobed, lateral lobes often erect and embracing column, midlobe usually recurved downwards, disc with 2 longitudinal keels; column rather long, semiterete, apex enlarged; anther terminal, operculate, 2-celled; pollinia 2, deeply cleft, or 4 in 2 superposed pairs, joined by short caudicle to broad common viscidium; stigma entire. Capsules usually fusiform.

    Species ca. 44, from Himalaya, India, Indochina, China and Japan, southward through the Philippines, Malaysia to Papua New Guinea and northern Australia. Nine species with four varieties in Taiwan.

    Data Source

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 820.