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Plants of Taiwan

  • Calanthe 根節蘭屬

    SU, Horng-Jye

    本屬共有 16 種

    Terrestrial perennial herbs. Rhizomes distinct or obscure. Pseudobulbs small, globose to clavate, usually covered by base of leaves, rarely large and conspicuous. Leaves arising from pseudobulbs, usually broad, rarely linear, thin and plicate, base narrowed into a long or short petiole or sheath. Inflorescence a raceme, arising from leaf axils or from base of pseudobulb, densely or loosely flowered; bracts small and persistent or large and deciduous. Flowers with wide spreading or connivent sepals and petals; sepals subequal, spreading or connivent; petals broad or narrow; lip short clawed, base connate with column and forming a tube, or rarely free and adnate to base of column, spurred or spurless, limb usually 3-lobed, rarely unlobed, disc often ridged or with callose protuberances at base; column short or long, obliquely truncate, joined to base of lip for varying length or rarely free from lip; anther terminal, incumbent, conical or cap like, usually cordate in outline, 2-celled; pollinia 8, clavate, waxy, connected by caudicles into 2 groups and attached to a viscidium; stigma on ventral side of column or rarely terminal, receptive surface solitary or 2-parted; rostellum short to long or rarely absent, entire or shallowly to deeply bilobed. Capsules oblong, often pendulous.

    More than 150 species, widely distributed from tropical Africa and Madagascar to tropical and subtropical Asia, China, Japan, southward through Malaysia and Indonesia to the Pacific islands and Australia. Species in Taiwan, 19.

    Data Source

    SU, Horng-Jye. 2000. 38. ORCHIDACEAE. Flora of Taiwan, second edition (台灣植物誌第二版). 5: 776.

    Referance

    Su, H. J. 1990. Taxonomical and ecological studies on the native species of Calanthe and Phaius (Orchidaceae) in Taiwan.. Quarterly journal (Bulletin) of the experimental forest of National Taiwan University (國立台灣大學農學院實驗林硏究報告). 4(2): 143 - 160.